PracticeQuestion:In quantitative research, which statistical test would you use to determine if there are significant differences between the means of three or more independent groups?

- Chi-square test
- T-test
**ANOVA (Analysis of Variance)***Compares the means of three or more independent groups.*- Pearson’s correlation

PracticeQuestion:In quantitative research, which statistical test would you use to determine if there are significant differences between the means of three or more independent groups?

- Surveys
**Ethnography***To study cultures and communities from the inside.*- Factor Analysis
- Descriptive Statistics

PracticeQuestion:What is the term for measuring the strength and direction of the relationship between two variables in quantitative research?

- Mean
- Standard Deviation
**Correlation****Coefficient***It ranges from -1 to +1 and close to +1 indicates a strong relationship.*- Variance

PracticeQuestion:Which of the following qualitative data collection methods typically involves the researcher creating a detailed written description of observed behaviours, events, and conversations?

- Structured Interviews
- Questionnaires
**Field Notes***To record observations and reflections on the environment and behaviours.*- Meta-analysis

PracticeQuestion:When conducting a literature review, which of the following is NOT typically an objective?

- To synthesise the existing body of knowledge on a topic.
- To identify gaps or inconsistencies in the literature.
- To determine who has cited a particular work.
**To****present****new****experimental****findings****from****the****researcher’s****study.***To summarise and synthesise existing research and provide context for a new study.*

PracticeQuestion:In the context of research methods, what is the meaning of “reliability”?

- The extent to which research findings can be replicated in other studies.
- The credibility and trustworthiness of qualitative data.
**The****degree****an****assessment tool produces stable and consistent results.***To summarise and synthesise existing research and provide context for a new study.*- The overall validity of a research study.

PracticeQuestion:What is the term for a variable that is not part of the research hypothesis but may affect the outcome of the study and thus needs to be controlled or accounted for?

- Dependent variable
- Independent variable
**Confounding****variable***A variable not explicitly part of the study but may affect the outcome of the research.*- Extraneous variable

PracticeQuestion:Which of the following sampling methods is best used when the population is homogenous, and every individual has an equal chance of being selected?

- Stratified random sampling
- Convenience sampling
**Simple****random****sampling***Every population member has an equal chance of being selected.*- Snowball sampling

PracticeQuestion:In research, what is the term used to describe the practice of collecting data from a subset of a population, rather than the entire population, to make conclusions about the population as a whole?

- Enumeration
- Census
**Sampling***Selecting part of the population to represent the whole.*- Aggregation

PracticeQuestion:Which of the following best describes a cross-sectional study?

- A study that collects data from the same subjects repeatedly over a period of time.
- A study that examines one variable in different groups that do not overlap.
**A study that collects data at a single point in time from different subjects.***Provides a snapshot of a phenomenon that is used to assess the prevalence of an issue.*- A study that begins with an outcome and then looks backward to investigate exposures.